This list is an introduction to some of the terms you will commonly hear used at Peake ReLeaf. This page will continue to be updated as new products and related information is available, and the Peake ReLeaf staff is always happy to answer any questions that you may have.

Accessories

Items that are used to administer, process or store medical cannabis products. This can include pipes, jars, papers, vaporizers, and grinders.

Aroma

This is a term commonly used to describe the smell of a certain flower or plant. Descriptions of aroma are somewhat subjective as individual definitions of aromas can differ from person to person and are usually related to terpene profile.

Backcross (BX)

A unique type of plant breeding that involves breeding the offspring with one of the parents, with the goal of transferring a desired trait from the parent to the offspring. This allows specific genes to be strengthened, helps with the survival of rare strains, and stabilizes desired traits in future offspring by decreasing variability.

Butane Hash Oil (BHO)

A concentrate that is made by using a butane solvent to extract cannabinoids and terpenes, creating a THC rich product.

Bud

Typically refers to the flowers of mature cannabis plants. Most of the cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant are found in buds.

Budtender

A dispensary employee who can answer questions about products and strains and is equipped to help you based on your unique needs.

Cannabinoids

A group of active compounds found in cannabis and are responsible for cannabis’s effects on the human body.

Clone

A clipping of an existing plant that can be grown, creating a genetic copy of the original plant. Only licensed growers are permitted to possess and/or grow clones in the state of Maryland.

CO2

The chemical formula for carbon dioxide. CO2 is commonly used to create cannabis concentrates.

Concentrates

Cannabis products that are refined into a more purified and potent form than the original flower. This term may be used to refer to a variety of products including hash, shatter, live resin, or kief

Cross (Genetics)

A shortening of the term ‘crossbreeding’ which refers to when two distinct strains are bred together.

Eighth

An eighth of an ounce of cannabis, equating to 3.5 grams.

Flavonoids

Flavonoids are a group of phytonutrients that are known for inducing various color pigments (for example, the vivid blues of blueberries or reds in roses). The unique and individual flavors and smells of a cannabis strain are in part produced by flavonoids, which also modulate the effects of THC.

Flowering Time

This refers to the period of time it takes for a plant to bloom and produce mature flowers.

Flower

The bloomed buds of a cannabis plant, which contain the largest concentration of medicinal components (such as cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids).

Grinder

A tool used to grind cannabis in preparation for use.

Half

A half ounce of cannabis, equating to 14 grams.

Hash

Hash is a concentrated form of cannabis that is composed of resin from the resin glands of cannabis plants. 

Hemp

While both hemp and cannabis are the same species (Cannabis sativa), the amount of THC is what distinguishes them.

A plant is considered hemp when the level of THC is at or below a threshold of 0.3%. If the plant has a larger amount of THC, it is considered cannabis. Additionally, hemp is a sought-after commodity used in construction, manufacturing, and food production; and hemp seeds are also utilized in body care products, cleaning products, plastics, and textiles.

Kief

A collection of trichomes separated from the cannabis flower.

Kush

A popular variant of cannabis deriving its name from the geographic region of the Hindu Kush Mountains. Kush strains are usually considered indicas, or indica dominant hybrids.

Ounce

An ounce is 28 grams of cannabis.

Pre-Roll

A pre-rolled cannabis product intended for smoking

Ruderalis

One of the main varieties of cannabis, along with sativa and indica. While there is some debate if ruderalis is a separate species or subspecies of Cannabis sativa, it does provide breeders with opportunities to create hybrids with different traits.

Resin

A term referring to the sticky residue secreted from resin glands in a cannabis plant that is meant to deter pests. It also refers to the residue remaining after smoking a cannabis product.

Terpenes

Terpenes are, for the most part, aromatic oils and are the most common plant-based chemical in nature.  They are what give plants their distinctive fragrance. Cannabis terpenes are produced in the trichomes, the same glands that produce the cannabinoids.  They are what you smell when you smell cannabis.

Trichome

Trichomes are the crystallized production glands of the cannabis plant that produce resin. They are also the production centers of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids – producing hundreds of each.

Vaporizer

A device that heats flower or infused concentrates to produce a water vapor to inhale. This is an alternative to smoking.

Wax

A  form of concentrate created by hydrocarbon extraction, usually using a solvent such as butane, propane, or CO2.